What is the Industry 4.0?
The concept of Industry 4.0 refers to the so-called fourth industrial revolution. This involves the digital transformation of the industry with the integration and digitalization of all the industrial processes that make up the value chain, characterized by adaptability, flexibility and efficiency that meet the needs of customers in the current market .
Industry 4.0 represents a qualitative leap in the organization and control of the entire value chain throughout the life cycle of the manufacture and delivery of the product. This produces a paradigm shift in society.
Characterized by: the change to a greater utilization of the renewable energies, an increasing transformation of certain type of constructions in energy generator, the development of the rechargeable batteries, of the hydrogen batteries, and of Other new energy storage technologies, the development of intelligent grid or electric power distribution Network "smart" (smart Grid), the development of transport based on electric vehicle (all-electric vehicles, as well as fuel cells, using renewable electricity as a propulsion power.
The technical innovations concentrated, essentially, on new sources of energy such as gas, oil or electricity; New materials and new systems of transport (aircraft and car) and communication (telephone and radio) induced transformations in chain that affected the work factor and the educational and scientific system; To the size and management of the companies, to the form of organization of work, to consumption, to also lead to politics.
It is characterized by: the combined use of these three elements (the steam engine, the use of coal as a fuel and the use of iron) that did arise the so-called machine art: with the application of the steam machine and perfected the development of the metallurgy industry.